Orthodontics is a field of dentistry that deals with corrections involving jaw an teeth alignment. An orthodontist is a specialist who diagnoses and applies braces.
Braces employ the use of wires and are usually one of three types
- Old-fashioned, conventional braces, which employ the use of metal strips or bands
- Metal or plastic brackets that are cemented or bonded to teeth
- Brackets that attach to the back teeth (also called "lingual" braces)
Orthodontic procedures, also called "Orthodontics", are complex processes
In most cases, a dentist will need to make a plaster cast of the individual's teeth and perform full x-rays of the dead and mouth
After orthodontic appliances are placed, they need to be adjusted from time to time to ensure that they continue to move the teeth into their correct position.
Retainers are used following braces to ensure that teeth remain in position
Aesthetic and Comfort Issues
Advances in technology have vastly improved appearance issues with Orthodontics
Braces today are made from extremely light weight and natural-colored materials. The materials that braces attach to-brackets-are bonded to the surfaces of teeth but can be later removed
People can expect to wear braces for about two years-less or more in some cases. Adults are usually required to wear braces for longer periods of time.
Because orthodontic appliances need to be adjusted from time to time to ensure they continue to move the teeth into their correct position, they can create pressure on the teeth and jaw. This mild discomfort usually subsides following each Orthodontics adjustment.